Abstract The paper deals with an investigation about the production of high strength plaster from the waste phosphogypsum and its use in making flooring tiles. To achieve this objective, phosphogypsum was calcined at 900–1000 °C to anhydrite which was mixed with suitable chemical activators (alkali/alkaline earth hydroxides, sulphates, carbonates) and finely ground (>400 m 2/kg Blaine's) to achieve high compressive strength (36–37 MPa). The anhydrite plaster was blended with 2–3% of predetermined quantity of a monomer methyl methacrylate (MMA) with a compatible catalyst, metalic oxide pigments, fly ash or red mud, chopped glass fibres (E-type, 12 mm long) and quartz sand to form flooring tiles by vibration moulding technique followed by high humidity curing, drying, grinding and polishing. The addition of chemical activators increase the rate of dissolution of anhydrite for rapid transformation into hard strong gypsum matrix while the MMA gets polymerised during hydration of anhydrite into polymethyl methacrylate which fills up voids and pores of hydrating anhydrite and thus improves density, strength and durability of the anhydrite plaster against water. The durability of anhydrite plaster by alternate wetting and drying and heating and cooling cycles is reported along with hydration mechanism. The use of phosphogypsum anhydrite for making high strength plaster and flooring tiles is recommended.