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Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence analysis of Haleakalā basalt adze quarry materials, Maui, Hawai‘i

Authors
Journal
Journal of Archaeological Science
0305-4403
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
39
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2011.10.019
Keywords
  • Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
  • Non-Destructive
  • Basalt
  • Adze
  • Quarry
  • Hawai‘I
  • Pacific
Disciplines
  • Archaeology

Abstract

Abstract One of Hawai‘i’s major prehistoric basalt adze quarries (SIHP 50-50-11-2510) is located in the summit region of Haleakalā, Maui. Situated at approximately 2750 m above sea level (9000 ft), the quarry shares a similar high-altitude setting with the Mauna Kea adze quarry on Hawai‘i Island. Adding to a growing Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) database for the Hawaiian Islands, we present the results from 255 geological and archaeological lithic samples from the Haleakalā quarry site. We also briefly discuss why this non-destructive XRF technique is particularly applicable in the Hawaiian cultural context.

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