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Dental and orthopedic effects of high-pull headgear in treatment of Class II, Division 1 malocclusion

American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0889-5406(05)81053-4


In the present study a prospective cephalometric investigation was undertaken to examine the skeletal and dental effects of the high-pull extraoral appliance, when the resultant force was directed through the level of trifurcation of the maxillary molars. Twelve adolescent patients with Class II, Division 1 malocclusions were selected for the study. Each patient wore the headgear for a 6-month period, an average of 12 hours a day. A group of untreated adolescent patients with Class II, Division 1 malocclusions who were in a similar age range, as well as skeletal and dental characteristics were chosen as controls. Lateral cephalometric films were taken before and after the 6-month treatment period, and before and after the observation period in the control group of patients. Our data indicate that by directing the force of the headgear approximately througth the center of resistance of the maxillary molars, it is possible to accomplish simultaneously a substantial distal movement of the molars (2.6±0.6 mm), as well as significant intrusion (0.54±0.54mm). In addition, our results demonstrate that the applied force of 500 gm was sufficient to initiate maxillary orthopedic changes in the treated patients. These changes include relative restriction of horizontal and vertical maxillary growth, as well as distal movement (mean: 0.8 mm) of the maxillary, anterior border in the treatment group relative to an untreated control group. Such orthopedic changes have been previously described only in association with much higher force levels

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