Abstract Self-biased, square-law based Schottky barrier diodes will be used in homodyne microwave interferometer system (MIS) of Steady State Tokamak (SST-1) for the line average plasma density measurement. Proposed signal conditioning electronics (SCE) improves the strength of the weak time varying signal in the range of 5–6mV by imparting it with a total gain of 1000 (100×10) in two steps and a bandwidth of 9.5–10kHz. In this way, SCE improves the signal strength and also removes the unwanted spurious noise component picked up by the signal from source to its final destination of data analysis. The front end of the SCE comprises of an instrumentation amplifier AD524 having very low input noise level of 0.3μV and very low input offset voltage of about 50μV. The remaining portion of the SCE comprises of filter, optocoupler and differential driver for further conditioning of the signal. The final signal is then acquired and stored using PCI extension for instrumentation (PXI) based data acquisition system (DAQ) having a fast sampling rate of 100kHz. The phase shift undergone in the conditioned signal while passing through plasma, in reference to a known microwave signal operating at a frequency of 130GHz, is then measured. A detailed description of the designed signal conditioning electronics for the same is presented.