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Migration of fenestrated aortic stent grafts

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Health And Wellbeing
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Medicine

Abstract

Objective: This article reports the incidence, timing, and related sequelae for proximal and distal migration of the Zenith Fenestrated AAA Endovascular Graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms. Method: A prospectively maintained database at a tertiary referral hospital was used to identify 83 patients who underwent endovascular repair using the Zenith fenestrated stent graft. Inclusion criteria included a postoperative computed tomography (CT) scan within 6 weeks of implantation and at least one additional follow-up CT scan (>5 months) available electronically at our institution. Eligible patients underwent assessment of stent graft migration using a CT-based central luminal line (CLL) technique. The proximal and distal margins of the stent graft were measured using CLLs relative to vascular landmarks on all available follow-up CT scans. Migration was defined as stent graft movement >=4 mm. Results: Fifty-five patients were included in this study, mean age was 74 +/- 7 years, and 89% were men. Mean preoperative aneurysm diameter was 67 +/- 9 mm. In these 55 patients, fenestrations were applied to 162 target vessels with the commonest design accommodating two renal arteries (RAs) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Median follow-up was 24 (range, 5-97) months; 80% of patients (n=44) had both the proximal and two distal attachment sites assessed for evidence of migration. Twelve iliac limbs in 11 patients were excluded from analysis due to occlusion of one internal iliac artery precluding CLL assessment (n = 7), or image quality issues (n = 5). Using CLLs and based on those patients who exhibited migration, the median proximal and distal migration distances were +5.0 (range,+4.0 to +8.1) mm and -5.0 (range, -4.3 to -21.3) mm, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis for proximal migration revealed migration rates of 14% and 22% at 12 and 36 months, respectively. Distal migration rates were lower at 3% and 8%, respectively. There have been no incidences of late rupture or open conversion. Of the patients with proximal migration, two patients lost a single target vessel (two RAs) and three patients were reported to have target vessel stenosis (two SMAs, one RA). These cases did not require reintervention. Conclusions: Both suprarenal fabric extension and visceral artery stenting are known to provide additional fixation for fenestrated aortic stent grafts. Despite this, minor proximal migration still occurs in up to one quarter of fenestrated endovascular repair patients by 4 years. We believe this is mainly due to the engagement of the barbs of the anchoring stent. Distal migrations occur with lower frequency.

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