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Light scattering in polycrystalline alumina with bi-dimensionally large surface grains

Authors
Journal
Journal of the European Ceramic Society
0955-2219
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
29
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.03.008
Keywords
  • Alumina
  • Microstructure
  • Optical Property
  • Scattering
  • Sintering

Abstract

Abstract Alumina ceramics with high in-line transmittance at 0.5–1.0 mm-thickness were prepared with different doping additives by sintering at 1850 °C in vacuum for 1–8 h. Depending on the additive contents and sintering variables bi-dimensionally large surface grains, caused by surface evaporation of MgO, had grown parallel to the surface with ∼100 μm thickness and lateral sizes up to the millimeter range. The abnormal grain-growth process also resulted in the formation of pores entrapped inside the large surface grains within a narrow zone at 10–20 μm distance from the surface. The fraction of these pores is thickness-invariant. Scattering factors associated to the pores entrapped inside the bi-dimensionally large surface grains, second-phase particles, grain-boundaries, and microstructural surface defects are derived from the results of in-line transmission (at 600 nm) and are used together with microstructural characteristics to explain the light transmittance in these materials.

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