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Expression of heterochromatin protein 1 in the primary tumor of breast cancer patients in the presence or absence of occult metastatic cells in the bone marrow

Authors
Journal
The International Journal of Biological Markers
0393-6155
Publisher
"Wichtig Publishing, SRL"
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Breast Cancer
  • Bone Marrow
  • Heterochromatin Protein 1
  • Keratin
  • Occult Metastatic Cells
  • Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Gene silencing may occur in breast cancer samples from patients presenting with occult metastatic cells in the bone marrow and one mechanism regulating gene suppression is heterochromatin formation. We have studied whether members of the heterochromatin protein 1 family Hp1(Hs alpha), Hp1(Hs beta) and Hp1(Hs gamma) which take part in chromatin packaging and gene expression regulation, were differentially expressed in tumors from patients with and without occult metastatic cells in their bone marrow. Tumor samples and bone marrow aspirates were obtained from 37 breast cancer patients. Median age was 63 years and 68% of the patients presented with clinical stage I/II disease. Presence of occult metastatic cells in bone marrow was detected through keratin-19 expression by nested RT-PCR in samples from 20 patients (54.1%). The presence of occult metastatic cells in bone marrow was not associated with node involvement, histological grade, estrogen receptor and ERBB2 immunoexpression. Relative gene expression of HP1(Hs alpha), HP1(Hs beta) and HP1(Hs gamma) was determined by real-time RT-PCR and did not vary according to the presence of occult metastatic cells in bone marrow. In addition, the combined expression of these three transcripts could not be used to classify samples according to the presence of bone marrow micrometastasis. Our work indicates that regulation of heterochromatin formation through HP1 family members may not be the sole mechanism implicated in the metastatic process to the bone marrow. (Int J Biol Markers 2008; 23: 219-24)

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