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Naturally derived biofunctional nanofibrous scaffold for skin tissue regeneration

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
0141-8130
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
68
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.04.031
Keywords
  • Aloe Vera
  • Silk Fibroin
  • Skin Tissue Regeneration
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Engineering

Abstract

Abstract Significant wound healing activity of Aloe vera (AV) and higher elastic strength of Silk fibroin (SF) along with mammalian cell compatibility makes AV and SF an attractive material for tissue engineering. The purpose of the present work was to combine their unique properties, with the advantage of electrospinning to prepare a hybrid transdermal biomaterial for dermal substitutes. The physico-chemical characterization of the developed scaffold showed finer morphology expressing amino and esteric groups with improved hydrophilic properties and favorable tensile strain of 116% desirable for skin tissue engineering. Their biological response showed favorable fibroblast proliferation compared to control which almost increased linearly by (p<0.01) 34.68% on day 3, (p<0.01) 19.13% on day 6, and (p<0.001) 97.86% on day 9 with higher expression of CMFDA, collagen and F-actin proteins. The obtained results prove that the nanofibrous scaffold with synergistic property of AV and SF would be a potential biomaterial for skin tissue regeneration.

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