Affordable Access

Development of ‘super-early’ pigeonpeas with good yield potential from early × early crosses

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
Publication Date
  • Pigeonpea
  • Design


To enhance the adaptability of pigeonpea at higher latitude and altitude, a breeding program was initiated at ICRISAT involving different sources of early-maturity. A full diallel mating design involving 11 early-maturing lines were used as parents. In F2–F5 generations, selection was followed for early flowering and maturity, grain yield and 100-seed weight by pedigree method. Four brown seeded (ICPX 060064-4-6-10, ICPX 060077-6-5-14, ICPX 060064-4-6-2 and ICPX 060063-11-8-4) and one cream seeded (ICPX 060036-13-4-8) F4/F5 indeterminate super-early progenies that matured, respectively 25 and 23 days earlier than the control cultivar ICPL 88039 were recovered. ICPX 060036-13-4-8 recorded 107% and 34% grain yield advantage over the checks ICPL 86022 and ICPL 88039, respectively. These super-early lines were derived from crosses involving AL 1518-2 × ICPL 85010, AL 1621 × MN 5, AL 1518-2 × MN 8 and MN 8 × AL 1518-2. Other super-early progenies [ICPX 060016-10-8-1 (from MN 1 × AL 1518-2 cross) and ICPX 060017-12-12-20 (from MN 1 × AL 1621 cross)] with greater 100-seed weight were also recovered. Besides serving as excellent donors for earliness, these lines may be photo/thermo insensitive. These super-early pigeonpea lines may open new niches for this crop and help in intensification of farming system.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.