This paper takes a cursory look at the extent to which the Nigerianuniversity system has enjoyed academic freedom. It observes that within the framework of the National Policy on Education (2004), universities in Nigeria are expected to enjoy the traditional areas of freedom in the areas of selection of students; appointment of staff; teaching and research and determination of content of courses. The paper however observes that in spite of this commitment, universities in Nigeria have been facing many challenges, which make the achievement of academic freedom very difficult. It notes that universities have been hampered by the activities of some agencies, such as the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB), which controls and monitors admission process into the universities and the National Universities Commission (NUC). The paper therefore concludes that for a university to meet the needs of the world around it,its research and teaching must be morally and intellectually independent of all political authority and economic power.Keywords: Academic freedom; Nigeria; Universities.