Abstract ~~"Everyone will have his Share": the Historical Foundations of the (re)Production of "Warfare" in Brazzaville. ~~— From June to October 1997, Brazzaville, the Congo's capital, was a theater where political violence pitted the government's militia against those of part of the opposition. The official body count reached 15 000. These clashes, an extension of the 1993-1995 conflict between the government's militia and those of another branch of the opposition, resulted from the legitimacy crisis set off when the agreement between ex-President Denis Sassou-Nguesso and his successor, Pascal Lissouba, was broken. They fit into the structural opposition between the north and south, itself ensuing from the conflict that founded the state in 1959. These clashes represent a new episode in the fight inside the Historical Left to obtain exclusive control over both the state and the weaith produced by the country's major resource, oil.