Abstract Bovine adrenal fasciculata-reticularis cells (BAC) expressed at least four ACTH receptor (ACTH-R) mRNA transcripts, one major of 3.6 kb and three minor of 4.2, 1.8 and 1.3 kb. ACTH and A-II increased ACTH-R mRNA levels in a time- and dose-dependent manner. At maximal concentrations, ACTH caused a 2.7-fold increase in the level of the major transcript of 3.6 kb with an ED 50 = 10 −11M and A-II produced a 2.4-fold increase with an ED 50 = 5 × 10 −8M. Under our experimental conditions, the stimulatory effects of both hormones appeared to be due to post-transcriptional changes rather than to transcriptional regulation since the hormonal effects were also observed in actinomycin-treated cells. The results indicate that regulation of ACTH-R mRNA levels may be one mechanism by which ACTH and A-II regulate adrenocortical functions.