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Working under pressure: Evidence from the impacts of soccer fans on players’ performance

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier B.V.
Publication Date
Volume
114
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2011.10.017
Keywords
  • Psychological Pressure
  • Instrumental Variable
  • Economics Of Sports

Abstract

Abstract In this paper we study how pressure affects individual’s behavior. For this purpose we use sports data, where the attendance is a proxy for pressure, to investigate if the number of fans in the stadium affects the performance of the players. We overcome the reverse causality problem by proposing an instrument variable: a promotion in Brazil during which low cost tickets were assigned to random soccer matches. In contrast to previous literature, our results suggest that pressure does not significantly affect players’ behavior.

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