Abstract ZT-1 is a novel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. It is rapidly transformed to Huperzine A (Hup A) in vitro. A simple and rapid HPLC-UV method for the simultaneous determination of ZT-1 and its metabolite Hup A in plasma is described. The chromatographic separations were achieved on a C 18 ODS column (250 mm × 4.6 mm ID) using methanol-1 mmol/L ammonium acetate (70:30,v/v) as mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.7 mL/min, the detection wavelength was 313 nm and the column temperature was kept at 35 °C. Plasma samples were prepared as rapidly as possible and extracted immediately with 5 mL of chloroform:iso-propyl alcohol mixture (v/v, 9:1).The retention times of ZT-1 and Huperzine A (Hup A) were 18.7 and 14.4 min, respectively. The mean absolute recoveries of two analytes were >90%. Quantification limits were all 0.02 nmol/mL for ZT-1 and Hup A. This analytical method was reliable and convenient procedure that meets the criteria for the pharmacokinetic evaluation of ZT-1 on experimental animals.