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HPLC analysis of antioxidants

Authors
Journal
Talanta
0039-9140
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
37
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0039-9140(90)80057-m
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract Qualitative and quantitative HPLC methods are described for the analysis of mixtures of twelve antioxidants. For identification of the components present, gradient elution with a convex profile from 35:65 v/v water-methanol to pure methanol is used, on a Waters 5 μm C 18 Resolve column, with an ultraviolet detector. Propyl gallate and methyl p-hydroxybenzoate cannot be separated, however. For quantitative analysis, with ultraviolet and electrochemical detectors in series, the 35:65 water-methanol mixture or pure methanol is used as the eluent, under isocratic conditions, with lithium perchlorate as supporting electrolyte. An applied potential ranging from +0.8 to + 1.7 V allows detection of all the antioxidants tested. Both modes of detection are very sensitive, with limits of detection as low as 61 pg (UV, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate) and 360 pg (electrochemistry, butylhydroxyanisole).

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