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Photochemistry of N-alkyl and N-aryl substituted phthalimides: H-Abstractions, Single Elelctron Transfer and Cycloadditions

Croatian Chemical Society
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  • Phthalimides
  • Photochemistry
  • H-Abstractions
  • Photoinduced Electron Transfer
  • Cycloadditions
  • Chemistry


The phthalimide chromophore shows a broad spectrum of intra- and intermolecular photochemical transformations. Photoreactions of phthalimide derivatives can be classified in three main groups: Habstraction, cycloaddition and single electron transfer. The photoproducts are aza-heterocycles, useful synthons in the synthesis of more complex heterocyclic and natural products. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the synthetic applicability of these processes, as well as to point out the parameters that influence the photochemical reactivity of phthalimides.

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