The research project proposes an inquiry into which factors and characteristics an environment-friendly governance can contribute to improving public health at the local government level. The Swedish experiences are expected to give theoretical and practical implications for Korea in designing environment-friendly governance that promotes public health. This research focused on exploring Swedish cases based on a comparative perspective. The results of the research will supply theoretical insights and practical implications to cities not only in Korea, but also in other developing countries that have similar experiences of environmental degradation due to rapid economic development. The experiences of a few Health Cities in Sweden, such as Örebro and Norrköping, are expected to give theoretical implications and practical lessons to Korea for protecting environments and improving public health. The research attempted to analyze how the actors concerned "coordinate at local areas and how they achieve collective action rapidly enough" in the face of environmental danger (stockholmresilience.org/research/researchthemes/..). It will supply a model for Korean local areas. The research project purports to learn from the Swedish experience of community participation and grassroots-level actions. The researcher attempted to combine appropriate methods, collect and analyze relevant data, and conduct case studies. A case study was also carried out in the Swedish setting. Five areas were examined for the research. All they are old planned areas, managed by the city housing companies and needed to get restructured and improved. Three areas, Baronbackarna in Örebro, Hageby and Rindansen in Norrköping, have been applied to Partnerskapet, an alliance program among six municipalities. Other two areas, Råslätt in Jonköping and Rinkeby in Stockholm, have implemented their own development programs. Research with in-depth interviews and participant observations supplied sensitive and valuable information. 32 persons, who are residents, practitioners and government servants were interviewed for their expertise and experience. The specific programs to promote public health and to protect natural environments, such as Partnerskapet, have attempted by diverse groups and in different ways. The cooperation with the programs and sharing experiences are evaluated to contribute to regional development and people’s well-being in a positive way. Without belonging to an alliance program such as Partnerskapet to promote public health considering environmental issues, every region has had own plans and policy for development. Informal and voluntary local groups have undertaken positive and cooperative activities for own region. Formal and informal meetings have often been held. All the areas were originally designed in an environmental-friendly and healthful way. There are large green areas, long walks and bike roads. Baronbackarna, Hageby and Ringdansen under Partnerskapet program have attempted special activities to protect natural environments and to improve public health, such as walking events, running free gymnasium with professional trainers or/and building football play grounds, making meetings over the related . Sweden has considered democracy as the first goal and domain of public health. This model can be practical especially at the local level. In fact, people live own daily life without identifying separately classified policies. That is why a comprehensive concept of one policy is useful for local programs and local people. The fact that city governments are not deeply concerned in specific programs with strict rules and orders is also helpful to local areas, where own programs can be managed in a flexible and democratic way.