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Prométhée, d'Hésiode à Platon

Authors
Journal
Communications
0588-8018
Publisher
PERSEE Program
Publication Date
Volume
78
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3406/comm.2005.2273

Abstract

Among the various roles that Prometheus plays in archaic Greek literature, as sponsor, founder and "agent provocateur" of humanity, it is as such that he appears in Hesiod. He provokes the fall of humanity, a fall that is a narrative ploy that assume an original equality between men and gods. In the tragedy attributed to Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, he becomes the benefactor of humanity (the word philanthropos appears for the first time in Greek), the free accuser of Zeus' cruelty toward hmanity (his eleutherostomein marks him dramatically) ; and he becomes in Plato's Protagoras the founder of progress and human civilisation.

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