Abstract Thalamo-parietal fibers originating from the ventroanterior-ventrolateral (VA-VL) complex in the cat were labeled with Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) and examined by light and electron microscopy. PHA-L (2.5% aqueous solution) was injected iontophoretically through micropipets with anodal current pulses into the VA-VL complex. PHA-L-labeled terminals were distributed in the lateral and the suprasylvian gyri in the superficial and deep cortical layers. In layer I, horizontal varicose fibers and terminals were conspicuous in the upper one-third and were widely distributed. In the deeper cortical layers (layers III–V), varicose fibers and terminals were detected in moderate numbers. Electron microscopic examination revealed that the labeled terminals formed asymmetrical synapses on the dendritic spines of spiny neurons. These morphological findings appeared to be consistent with our previous intracellular recordings in this cortex.