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Effects of welding wire composition and welding process on the weld metal toughness of submerged arc welded pipeline steel

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Minerals Metallurgy and Materials
1674-4799
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s1674-4799(09)60011-x
Keywords
  • Materials

Abstract

Abstract The effects of alloying elements in welding wires and submerged arc welding process on the microstructures and low-temperature impact toughness of weld metals have been investigated. The results indicate that the optimal contents of alloying elements in welding wires can improve the low-temperature impact toughness of weld metals because the proeutectoid ferrite and bainite formations can be suppressed, and the fraction of acicular ferrite increases. However, the contents of alloying elements need to vary along with the welding heat input. With the increase in welding heat input, the contents of alloying elements in welding wires need to be increased accordingly. The microstructures mainly consisting of acicular ferrite can be obtained in weld metals after four-wire submerged arc welding using the wires with a low carbon content and appropriate contents of Mn, Mo, Ti-B, Cu, Ni, and RE, resulting in the high low-temperature impact toughness of weld metals.

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