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국립묘지의 전사자와 제주 4.3 희생자에 관한 위령의례

Publication Date
  • 국립묘지
  • 제주4
  • 3
  • 제주4
  • 3희생자위령의례
  • 충혼비
  • 충혼묘지
  • 4
  • 3평화공원
  • 국가유공자
  • 민주화운동
  • 전몰군경합동대제
  • 위령공간 National Memorial Cemetery
  • Jeju 4
  • 3 Uprising
  • Jeju 4
  • 3 Victims' Memorial Service
  • Monument To The Loyal Dead
  • The Loyal Dead Cemetery
  • Jeju 4
  • 3 Peace Park
  • Men Of Merit
  • Democratization Movement
  • The Joint Great Memorial Ceremony For The Dead Soldiers And Policemen
  • Memorial Service Site
  • Political Science


The KIAs(Killed in Action) who were buried in Korea national memorial cemetery are worshiped as 'the spirit of the war dead' in memorial day every year. Their death are regarded as the noble sacrifice and are taken memorial service by the nation. But, since the June uprising in 1987, the formal memorial service has been exposed troubles because the cause which is given by the nation is shaken by various forces of civic society. In case of Jeju 4.3 memorial service, according to the 4.3 special law, the government list the dead names on the altar and hold the 4.3 memorial service for all the dead without identifying perpetrators and victims. For this reason, the soldiers, policemen and some civilians whose their families or themselves were injured or killed by so-called 'rioters' have the ongoing feeling of antipathy to the memorial service. Therefore, this thesis tries to review the shift of change from military-police centered memorial service to 4.3 victims' memorial service. This thesis also tries to compare and analyze the two services which are dissimilar in character. The assassination of Col. Park, Jin-Kyung during the Jeju 4.3 uprising had came into the spotlight because he is the first victim in senior officers in South Korea military history. And his funeral ceremony is recorded as the first ceremony of the Korean Army funeral ceremonies and the trial process of his assassins were covered by the media. His body were buried in the national memorial cemetery in 1969. Since the funeral service of Col. Park, Jin-Kyung, the nation hold the memorial services extensively for the KIAs of military, police and right wing groups. In Jejudo, monuments to the loyal dead have been erected in every village and the policemen who were dead during the Jeju 4.3 uprising were buried in the loyal dead cemetery which were made after the Korean War. On the other hand, the formal 4.3 memorial service for the civilians which were forbidden until the June uprising in 1987, along with the development of the democratization movement, were held for the first time in 1989 with military and police victims' families. But, the bereaved family of military, police and right wing groups attach more importance to 'the joint great memorial ceremony for the dead soldiers and policemen' which is held in the memorial day or in the house for the loyal dead every year than the formal 4.3 memorial service because they think they can't hold the ritual ceremony with the rioters in the same table. As the nature of Jeju 4.3 uprising is not the communist riot but people's uprising by the various fact-finding activities, 'Jeju 4.3 victims' memorial service' bring about the result of the exclusion the 4.3 victims who regard Jeju 4.3 uprising as rebellion by communists or riot. Jeju 4.3 victims' memorial service which had seemed to bring together coexist in the various memorial service sites such as national memorial cemetery, Jeju 4.3 Peace Park, The Loyal Dead Cemetery, The House for the loyal dead, etc with exposing the troubles continuously.

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