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Rapid Identification of Malaria Vaccine Candidates Based on α-Helical Coiled Coil Protein Motif

Authors
Journal
PLoS ONE
1932-6203
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Volume
2
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000645
Keywords
  • Research Article
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Biochemistry/Bioinformatics
  • Biochemistry/Protein Chemistry
  • Immunology/Immune Response
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science

Abstract

To identify malaria antigens for vaccine development, we selected α-helical coiled coil domains of proteins predicted to be present in the parasite erythrocytic stage. The corresponding synthetic peptides are expected to mimic structurally “native” epitopes. Indeed the 95 chemically synthesized peptides were all specifically recognized by human immune sera, though at various prevalence. Peptide specific antibodies were obtained both by affinity-purification from malaria immune sera and by immunization of mice. These antibodies did not show significant cross reactions, i.e., they were specific for the original peptide, reacted with native parasite proteins in infected erythrocytes and several were active in inhibiting in vitro parasite growth. Circular dichroism studies indicated that the selected peptides assumed partial or high α-helical content. Thus, we demonstrate that the bioinformatics/chemical synthesis approach described here can lead to the rapid identification of molecules which target biologically active antibodies, thus identifying suitable vaccine candidates. This strategy can be, in principle, extended to vaccine discovery in a wide range of other pathogens.

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