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Práva dětí v ústavní péči

Publication Date
  • Právo
  • Dítě
  • Ústavní Péče
  • Dětský Domov
  • Right
  • Child
  • Institutional Care
  • Children'S Home
  • Law


The title of my diploma thesis is The Rights of Children in Institutional Care. It is composed of a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part deals with concepts such as the right, the child, a part deals with the characteristics of The Convention on the Rights of the Child or the Committee for the Rights of the Child. The research was carried out by means of the directed interview method (partly standardized method) applying a questionnaire created by professor Gary Melton and his team in Columbia, South Carolina. The questionnaire comprises identification questions (age, sex, class), four general questions dealing with conceptual understanding of law and twelve situations when the child adjudicates rights. The questionnaire was enhanced by 15 supplemental questions for children (created by prof. Dunovský and prof. Kovařík) delimiting the conceptual understanding of a ``good citizen{\crq}q. Further the questioning method was applied for the research by means of a questionnaire. The research file was made up by 80 children and 20 employees in total. Two goals were set in the paper. Goal 1: the paper aims at finding out whether children have their own rights. Goal 2: The paper checks whether rights of the child are respected in child care institutions. One hypothesis was set. H1: Legal awareness of children placed in children's homes is lower than legal awareness of children from a common primary school. I believe the goals have been fulfilled, however the hypothesis was not confirmed.

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