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A multi-level model for studying the context and impact of work–family policies and culture in organizations

Authors
Journal
Human Resource Management Review
1053-4822
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
14
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2004.10.003
Keywords
  • Work–Family Policies
  • Family-Friendly Policies
  • Labour Force
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract The purpose of this paper was to provide an integrative multi-level framework that could help scholars study the impact of work–family policies on individual employees as well as assist practitioners in making informed decisions regarding the adoption, design, implementation, and allowance of these policies. This multi-level model illustrates the various macro- and mesolevel factors that may influence individual perceptions (i.e., equity perceptions, negotiation power, sense of entitlement) regarding work–family policies. By providing such a model, a common language may be developed for researchers from various disciplines studying this issue and better insight into the various linkages that are involved. Additionally, the framework can provide HR practitioners with a deeper understanding of the contextual factors that may influence the effectiveness of work–family policies in their organizations.

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