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Les premières grammaires vernaculaires de l'italien, de l'espagnol et du portugais

Authors
Journal
Histoire Épistémologie Langage
0750-8069
Publisher
EDP Sciences
Publication Date
Volume
9
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3406/hel.1987.2245
Disciplines
  • Linguistics

Abstract

The grammatical traditions presented here share two basic features : a normative concern (most evident in the orthographical proposals which coexist with the grammatical descriptions), and the explicit aim to show that the vernacular, which can be laid down in rules, is capable of prestige. Arising within the Humanist context and rooted in the sociolinguistic situation of the respective countries, these three traditions manifest an ambivalent relationship to the classical models : the Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese grammarians generally adopt the framework of Latin grammar, but they modify it, either because of their descriptive orientation, or because of the data offered by their vernacular language. Their theoretical contribution is rather modest, due to the fact that their main objective was to codify a particular usage : it was precisely on the choice of the latter that important theoretical debates took place, especially in Italy.

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