Private equity can be a source of portfolio diversification and performance enhancement. However, in order to achieve these positive attributes, it is important to have a focused and diligent approach and build the private equity allocation overtime with a systematic and long-term perspective. Most institutions in Europe that manage more than €1 billion (approximately U.S.$ 1.25 billion) have already begun investing in private equity during the past 5 years, and have experienced varied degrees of success. Moving forward, many institutional investors will have to refine their approach, avoid market timing, and invest throughout the cycles. And how they invest, be it with an in-house team that invests directly in funds or via a fund-of-funds, it is an important decision that has to be in line with the internal resources and skills.