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Local density functional study of the structural and electronic properties of C60and XC60(X=K, Rb, Cs)

Authors
Journal
Chemical Physics
0301-0104
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
160
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0301-0104(92)80008-j
Disciplines
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Abstract Results of first principles local density total energy and atomic force calculations carried out for free C 60 and XC 60 (X=K, Rb, Cs) molecular clusters are reported. The optimization of the geometry results in the bond lengths between adjacent carbon atoms being 1.387 and 1.445 Å, which are in very good agreement with the latest X-ray diffraction values. Energy levels, charge distributions, and wavefunction characteristics are obtained and discussed. The results for C 60 are in very good agreement with recently measured photoemission energy distribution curves (EDC) for the valence band states. The highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMO) are found to be fully occupied H u states and are 1.7 eV below the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (LUMO) which are of T 1u symmetry. Similar results obtained for the XC 60 clusters show that rigid-band-like behavior is found in the electronic structures after putting an alkali atom at the center of a C 60 ball. In each case, the alkali atom is almost fully ionized with the transferred electron distributed over the surface shell of C 60; the center region of the ball has very low charge density.

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