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Synthesis of dimethyl acetal of ketones: design of solid acid catalysts for one-pot acetalization reaction

Authors
Journal
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
1387-1811
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
80
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2004.12.001
Keywords
  • Acetalization
  • Dimethyl Acetal
  • Hydrophobicity
  • Ce-Montmorillonite
  • K-10 Montmorillonite
  • Rare Earth Exchanged Mgfau-Y Zeolites.

Abstract

Abstract The synthesis of dimethyl acetals of carbonyl compounds such as cyclohexanone, acetophenone, and benzophenone has successfully been carried out by the reaction between ketones and methanol using different solid acid catalysts. The strong influence of the textural properties of the catalysts such as acid amount and adsorption properties (surface area and pore volume) determine the catalytic activity. The molecular size of the reactants and products determine the acetalization ability of a particular ketone. The hydrophobicity of the various rare earth exchanged Mg–Y zeolites, K-10 montmorillonite clay, and cerium exchanged montmorillonite (which shows maximum activity) is more determinant than the number of active sites present on the catalyst. The optimum number of acidic sites as well as dehydrating ability of Ce 3+-montmorillonite and K-10 montmorillonite clays and various rare earth exchanged Mg–Y zeolites seem to work well in shifting the equilibrium to the product side.

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