Genoa salami prepared using three different salt concentrations (2.0, 2.75 and 3.3%) were inoculated with 2.0 x 10(3) and 1.1 x 10(3) bacteria/g of Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus respectively. Over a period of 74 days samples were taken and analyzed for water activity and pH, counts of S. aureus and presence of Salmonella. After 11 days of dry-curing Salmonella could no longer be detected by preenrichment followed by selective enrichment procedures. Viable S. aureus were still found after 74 days of dry-curing. The results of this study would suggest that water activity and pH measurements are useful in evaluating the safety of dry-cured products.