This article examines the results of the research that evaluated religiosity in the modern family in Croatian villages, towns and cities. The analyses of this theme becomes more current in the findings of the research of religious changes and values in the post socialist period that indicates strong phenomena of retraditionalisation in Croatian society, of which a major component is specific expression of religiosity. Our sample consisted of 743 married couples with elementary school children 1486 subjects). For each couple we gathered information regarding self-evaluations of their own religiosity, the frequency of attendance to major religious ceremonies, frequency of praying, regularity of reading religious press and the involvement in events happening in their religious community. Results show a high degree of religious self-identification, the so-called declarative religiosity. We conducted two discriminatory analyses, each one separately for men and women in the sample. The comparison of these two analyses in general shows greater religiosity in rural environment. Differences in the structure of religious behaviour in men and women were also visible. While, for women, the frequency of praying has the greatest discriminative strength for differentiating rural and urban environment, for men this factor is the involvement in the events happening in their religious community. The frequency of praying does not discriminate men from rural and urban environments at all. Results show higher levels of some indicators of religiosity for women, and confirm some previous findings that the importance and the understanding of religiosity don't necessarily need to be the same for men and women, as well as that religiosity is not a unique phenomena. The percentage of respondents that don't declare themselves to be religious is the greatest for men in urban environments. The congruency of responses between marital couples is mostly high and indicates the importance of religious orientation for the relationship.