Abstract It was previously shown that a one-dimensional Ising model could successfully simulate the equilibrium binding of myosin S1 to regulated actin filaments (T. L. Hill, E. Eisenberg and L. Greene, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:3186–3190, 1980). However, the time course of myosin S1 binding to regulated actin was thought to be incompatible with this model, and a three-state model was subsequently developed (D. F. McKillop and M. A. Geeves, Biophys. J. 65:693–701, 1993). A quantitative analysis of the predicted time course of myosin S1 binding to regulated actin, however, was never done for either model. Here we present the procedure for the theoretical evaluation of the time course of myosin S1 binding for both models and then show that 1) the Hill model can predict the “lag” in the binding of myosin S1 to regulated actin that is observed in the absence of Ca ++ when S1 is in excess of actin, and 2) both models generate very similar families of binding curves when [S1]/[actin] is varied. This result shows that, just based on the equilibrium and pre-steady-state kinetic binding data alone, it is not possible to differentiate between the two models. Thus, the model of Hill et al. cannot be ruled out on the basis of existing pre-steady-state and equilibrium binding data. Physical mechanisms underlying the generation of the lag in the Hill model are discussed.