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Effect of openings and shear bolt pattern in seismic retrofit of reinforced concrete slab–column connections

Authors
Journal
Engineering Structures
0141-0296
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
33
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2011.05.025
Keywords
  • Flat Reinforced Concrete Slab
  • Opening
  • Column
  • Seismic
  • Punching
  • Shear Bolt
  • Ductility

Abstract

Abstract This study addresses seismic retrofit of reinforced concrete flat slab–column connections against punching shear failure. The tested slabs are retrofitted using shear bolts. These bolts were developed for installation in existing slabs by drilling holes around columns or concentrated load application points and then tightening against the slab surfaces. Slabs with and without openings are investigated. The effect of the pattern of shear reinforcing elements around the column area, namely orthogonal and radial is also investigated. This paper describes tests on six flat slab–column specimens; three with two openings at the column and three without openings. Among each of the three specimens in a group, one has no shear reinforcement; one is retrofitted in the orthogonal pattern; and one in the radial pattern. The test results, comparisons of the behavior of the specimens, and comparisons with the current code formulas are presented and discussed. The results indicate that shear bolts increase lateral drift capacity and ductility of the slab–column connections.

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