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Reduction in dose of chemical fertilizers and growth enhancement of sesame (Sesamum indicumL.) with application of rhizospheric competentPseudomonas aeruginosaLES4

Authors
Journal
European Journal of Soil Biology
1164-5563
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
45
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2009.04.002
Keywords
  • Pgpr
  • Chemical Fertilizer
  • Macrophomina Phaseolina
  • Fusarium Oxysporumoilseed Crop
  • Sesame
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa LES4, an isolate of tomato rhizosphere was found to be positive for several plant growth-promoting attributes like production of indole acetic acid, HCN and siderophore, solubilization of inorganic phosphate along with urease, chitinase and β-1-3-glucanase activity. In addition, it showed strong antagonistic effect against Macrophomina phaseolina and Fusarium oxysporum. P. aeruginosa LES4 caused halo cell formation and other morphological deformities in mycelia of M. phaseolina and F. oxysporum. Root colonization was studied with Tn5 induced streptomycin resistant transconjugants of spontaneous tetracycline-resistant LES4 (designated LES4 tetra+strep+) after different durations. The strain was significantly rhizospheric competent, as 17.4% increase in its population was recorded in sesame rhizosphere. Seed bacterization with LES4 resulted in significant increase in vegetative growth parameters and yield of sesame over non-bacterized seeds. However, application of LES4 with half dose of fertilizers resulted in growth equivalent to full dose treatment, without compromising with the growth and yield of sesame. Moreover, the oil yield increased by 33.3%, while protein yield increased by 47.5% with treatment of half dose of fertilizer along with LES 4 bacterized seeds, as compared to full dose of fertilizers.

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