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Vichy au singulier, Vichy au pluriel. Une tentative avortée d'encadrement de la société (1941-1942)

Authors
Journal
Annales Histoire Sciences Sociales
0395-2649
Publisher
PERSEE Program
Publication Date
Volume
43
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3406/ahess.1988.283511

Abstract

Vichy Singular, Vichy Plural: an Aborted Attempt at Social Containment, 1941-42. Head of Information Services in a new team which rose to power with Darlan in February 1941, Paul Marion began to work towards a policy of total social containment based on an omnipotent state, a restricted activist elite, and no mass mobilization. The project thus concerned his own sector, but was intended to be more general. To further his aims, Marion was able to glean support from close friends from essentially "non-conformist" environments of the 1930s, and from the collaborationist current —of often underestimated importance— in the State apparatus. His successes highlight the heterogeneous nature of this regime in which power relations were in constant evolution between multiple elements. But his fundamental failure reveals the unity of this regime whose elites, ideological foundations, social and relay bases were primarily traditional and conservative.

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