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5-aminolevulinic acid stimulation of porphyrin and hemoglobin synthesis by uninduced friend erythroleukemic cells

Authors
Journal
Cell Differentiation
0045-6039
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0045-6039(79)90049-6
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract Porphyrin synthesis and iron accumulation was stimulated by exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in uninduced Friend erythroleukemic cells (FELC). Uroporphyrin and protoporphyrin were the major intermediate precursors produced. All porphyrin types were conjugated to protein insoluble cellular components and could be extracted only by methanol sulfuric acid esterification. Heme content of the uninduced FELC was increased 6-fold in the presence of 5 × 10 −4 M ALA. As a consequence, the synthesis of the minor murine hemoglobin component was preferentially induced, an effect similar to that expressed by exogenous hemin. Addition of exogenous ALA to 0.5% DMSO-induced cells increased total hemoglobin synthesis with a higher efficiency of the minor hemoglobin. The endogenous synthesis of porphyrin from exogenous ALA was markedly reduced by hemin. Uroporphyrin, coproporphyrin, protoporphyrin and heme were equally repressed, indicating an inhibitory effect of hemin on ALA dehydrase and urosynthetase activities. In addition, hemin repressed [ 3H]leucine incorporation into protein by uninduced cells. Incubation of uninduced cells in culture medium without serum in the presence of hemin blocked their protein synthesis activity, whereas addition of serum exerted a protective effect on living FELC.

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