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FGPA Implementation of Low-Complexity ICA Based Blind Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output OFDM Receivers

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  • Wireless Communications
  • Adaptive Systems
  • Vlsi
  • Computer Science
  • Design
  • Mathematics


In this thesis Independent Component Analysis (ICA) based methods are used for blind detection in MIMO systems. ICA relies on higher order statistics (HOS) to recover the transmitted streams from the received mixture. Blind separation of the mixture is achieved based on the assumption of mutual statistical independence of the source streams. The use of HOS makes ICA methods less sensitive to Gaussian noise. ICA increase the spectral efficiency compared to conventional systems, without any training/pilot data required. ICA is usually used for blind source separation (BSS) from their mixtures by measuring non-Gaussianity using Kurtosis. Many scientific problems require FP arithmetic with high precision in their calculations. Moreover a large dynamic range of numbers is necessary for signal processing. FP arithmetic has the ability to automatically scale numbers and allows numbers to be represented in a wider range than fixed-point arithmetic. Nevertheless, FP algorithm is difficult to implement on the FPGA, because the algorithm is so complex that the area (logic elements) of FPGA leads to excessive consumption when implemented. A simplified 32-bit FP implementation includes adder, Subtractor, multiplier, divider, and square rooter The FPGA design is based on a hierarchical concept, and the experimental results of the design are presented.

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