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Laryngeal plexiform schwannoma as first symptom in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 2

Elsevier B.V.
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2010.02.010
  • Plexiform Schwannoma
  • Larynx
  • Neurofibromatosis Type 2
  • Medicine


Abstract Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by bilateral vestibular schwannomas. The initial symptoms of NF2 are usually hearing loss and tinnitus caused by vestibular schwannomas. Although other intracranial, spinal, or skin tumors also occur in NF2, laryngeal lesions are very rare. We report a rare case of NF2 with laryngeal plexiform schwannoma as first symptom. A 38-year-old man presented with a smooth-surfaced submucosal supraglottic mass. Two round masses in the left chest wall and left supraclavicular fossa were noted incidentally during investigation of the laryngeal mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for these masses were identical to those of the laryngeal mass. No typical symptoms related to NF2 were identified. Histologically, the laryngeal tumor represented plexiform schwannoma. We thus considered that the two round masses in the left chest wall and left supraclavicular fossa might also represent plexiform schwannomas. NF2 was suspected, as a high incidence of multiple plexiform schwannomas has been suggested for patients with NF2. MRI of brain lesions demonstrated bilateral vestibular schwannomas and multiple meningiomas. Finally, NF2 with laryngeal plexiform schwannoma was diagnosed. Recognizing that multiple plexiform schwannomas could be associated with NF2 is important.

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