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Unemployment and native language: the Finnish case

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Socio-Economics
1053-5357
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s1053-5357(03)00007-6
Keywords
  • Unemployment
  • Native Language
  • Minority Groups
Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

Abstract This paper explores the reasons behind the lower unemployment rate of the Swedish-speaking minority, in comparison with that of the Finnish-speaking majority, in Finland. Cross section statistics on labour market status and outflows from unemployment are analysed. No significant between-group differences in labour force participation are found. Differences in unemployment cannot either be explained by human capital factors or local labour market conditions. Being a Swedish-speaker decreases the odds of being unemployed by 30%, while it increases the transition rate from unemployment by 15%. Language proficiency and social integration are the likely reasons behind these differences.

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