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Genomic regions influencing resistance to the parasitic weed Striga hermonthica in two recombinant inbred populations of sorghum

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Springer Verlag
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Keywords
  • Sorghum

Abstract

Molecular markers for resistance of sorghum to the hemi-parasitic weed Striga hermonthica were mapped in two recombinant inbred populations (RIP-1, -2) of F3:5 lines developed from the crosses IS9830 × E36-1 (1) and N13 × E36-1 (2). The resistant parental lines were IS9830 and N13; the former is characterized by a low stimulation of striga seed germination, the latter by “mechanical” resistance. The genetic maps of RIP-1 and RIP-2 spanned 1,498 cM and 1,599 cM, respectively, with 137 and 157 markers distributed over 11 linkage groups. To evaluate striga resistance, we divided each RIP into set 1 (116 lines tested in 1997) and set 2 (110 lines evaluated in 1998). Field trials were conducted in five environments per year in Mali and Kenya. Heritability estimates for area under the striga number progress curve (ASNPC) in sets 1 and 2 were respectively 0.66 and 0.74 in RIP-1 and 0.81 and 0.82 in RIP-2. Across sites, composite interval mapping detected 11 QTL (quantitative trait loci) and nine QTL in sets 1 and 2 of RIP-1, explaining 77% and 80% of the genetic variance for ASNPC, respectively. The most significant RIP-1 QTL corresponded to the major-gene locus lgs (low stimulation of striga seed germination) in linkage group I. In RIP-2, 11 QTL and nine QTL explained 79% and 82% of the genetic variance for ASNPC in sets 1 and 2, respectively. Five QTL were common to both sets of each RIP, with the resistance alleles deriving from IS9830 or N13. Since their effects were validated across environments, years and independent RIP samples, these QTL are excellent candidates for marker-assisted selection.

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