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Noncritical interface near a critical end point II

Physica A Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0378-4371(80)90015-1
  • Physics


Abstract The tension of the interface between a noncritical phase α and a near-critical phase βγ, or between α and the individual β and γ phases into which βγ separates, is discussed. A thermodynamic description of a critical end point is given, earlier theoretical results on the interfacial tensions are reviewed, and the earlier theory is generalized and extended and some of its restrictions are relaxed. The theory is then reformulated, and made to incorporate nonclassical critical-point exponents. The critical isotherm of interfacial tension σ α,βγ as a function of composition has a horizontal tangent at the critical point, where it is found to be of degree μ β ≈ 3.9 , with μ and β the conventional critical surface-tension and coexistence-curve exponents. The tensions σ αβ and σ αγ when T< T c, and the tension σ α,βγ at fixed, critical composition when T > T c, as functions of θ ∼ T T c− 1 , all have |θ| γ and |θ| μ as their leading singularities, with γ the conventional critical susceptibility exponent. Numerical results are presented for the realistic case γ ≈ μ. It is remarked that the liquid-vapor interface in 4He at its λ-point is also a noncritical interface at a critical end point.

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