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소 플리니우스와 프린켑스 정치

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  • 소 플리니우스
  • 찬가
  • 프린켑스 정치
  • 트라야누스
  • 도미티아누스
  • Law


On 1 September 100 CE, Pliny the Younger delivered the oration we know as the Panegyricus. This was a gratiarum actio, a vote of thanks, offered up to the emperor Trajan. Throughout the speech one encounters explicit indications that the reign of Trajan represents an apparent return to the Republic(libertas reddita). But Pliny inadvertently admits that it is a very precarious freedom. "Iubes esse liberos, erimus ; iubes quae sentimus promere in medium, proferemus"(Pan.66, 4). Under Trajan, libertas was still defined by inequalities of power. Therefore, there was no real reconciliation between libertas and the Principate based on mutual concessions. Under the circumstances, senators' desire was not to undermine the emperor, but to expect the moderation from the absolute power, while pressing for more involvement in the governing process. Pliny's words of praise for Trajan are often put in terms of reestablishing the power and prestige enjoyed by the senate under the Republic. It is a sort of manifesto of the senate's ideal of a constitutional ruler. And in it he subtly blends fact and wishful thinking. Modestia and moderatio form the bedrock of Pliny's prescription. Trajan's superlative qualities are sharply offset by the negative example of previous emperors, especially Do

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