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Bond stretching phonon anomalies due to incommensurate charge density wave instabilities in high-T c cuprates



Phonon anomalies observed in various high T c cuprates are analyzed theoretically within the Hubbard-Holstein model in the limit of strong local electron correlations and in presence of long-range Coulomb interaction. The phonon self-energy is evaluated by taking into account the charge collective modes that become critical upon doping approaching an instability towards an incommensurate charge density wave (ICDW) driven by electron correlations. The doping dependence of phonon softening features and the highly distinctive phonon self-energy dependence on the wave vector agree with experiments. We discuss relevance of dynamical corrections to the density correlation function to achieve a sizeable bond-stretching phonon softening with a kink-like profile away from the zone boundary. Copyright EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2008

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