Abstract Feeding behavior is regulated by neural signals in the hypothalamus, but secretory activities of these signals in vivo and their relationship with spontaneous feeding remain to be solved. In the present study, we investigated the correlation between neuropeptide Y (NPY) and somatostatin (SRIF) profiles in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and spontaneous feeding behavior in goats. CSF samples were collected every 15 min for 8 h from the third ventricle and feeding behavior was observed throughout the experimental period. The spontaneous feeding behavior, the mean duration of which was 58 min, occurred with an interval of 146 min. NPY in the CSF fluctuated in an episodic fashion with a 145 min interval. Each NPY episode was followed by spontaneous feeding with a time lag of 24 min. SRIF levels in CSF changed more frequently in a pulsatile manner and were related to neither NPY profiles nor feeding behavior. These results suggest that NPY, but not SRIF, is a physiological signal to drive feeding in goats.