Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Use of the net metabolizable energy values for labeling of infant formulas and foods—potential issues

Authors
Journal
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
0889-1575
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
18
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2003.10.006
Keywords
  • Net Metabolizable Energy
  • Infant
  • Energy Density

Abstract

Abstract The use of net metabolizable energy (NME) rather than metabolizable energy (ME) to determine energy values for food labeling has been suggested. A review was undertaken to determine issues that might arise if NME were applied to infant formulas and foods for infants. Both ME and NME factors derived from adult studies appear to be reasonably applicable to infants. Use of NME rather than ME values decreased the apparent energy density of human milk by about 4%; that of infant formulas, 4–6%. Even though the regulatory requirements for upper and lower limits of nutrients in infant formulas are expressed per 100 kJ or per 100 kcal, few significant issues would be expected based on a change in the declared energy content of this magnitude. Energy content of representative baby foods decreased 2–9%. The regulatory implications of using NME are at least a requirement to relabel virtually all products. The use of NME as it relates to selection of a healthy diet for infants, scientific validity, comparability of food energy values and requirements, interproduct comparisons and facilitation of trade are briefly addressed. It is recommended that factors used to calculate food energy in infant formula and foods for infants and small children be consistent with those used for other foods.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

Nutrition labeling: energy values of foods and fat...

on American Journal of Clinical N... November 1995

The use of a cellulase technique to predict digest...

on Animal Feed Science and Techno... Jan 01, 1988

Relationships among diet, metabolizable energy uti...

on Journal of animal science November 1979

Digestible, metabolizable and net energy values of...

on Animal Feed Science and Techno... Jan 01, 1993
More articles like this..