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Awareness about Birth Registration in a Resettlement Colony of Delhi

Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.51218
  • Short Article
  • Law
  • Mathematics


Introduction The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is more than a decade old, but even today more than a third of all children are denied the right to an identity. Birth registration is the first legal document in which the name of the child gets entered along with the name of the parents. Globally, every year about 40 million children are born without being registered. Six out of ten unregistered newborns are in South and South-east Asia.(1) The registration of births and deaths in India was made compulsory under the Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Act, 1969. However, the current level of birth registration in India is 63.8% as per the latest 2005 provisional national estimates, which means that out of the estimated 26 million births taking place each year, approximately 9.4 million children (36.2%) go unregistered every year.(2) Taking these facts into consideration, this study was planned to assess the awareness about birth registration in an urban slum of Delhi. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted during the month of October 2004 in Basti Vikas Kendra, a slum area in Delhi, under the field practice area of the Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College. The slum has a population of 1,700 residing in 250 houses and the population under 5 years old is approximately 206. For the purpose of this study, a convenient sample of 83 houses was taken and every third house was selected by systematic random sampling. From every selected house, the information was taken from a single person preferably (mother, father, or anyone 18 years or above) after taking the consent of the individual. Trained doctors collected information on the identification, socio-demographic profile, and awareness of the individual about birth registration (importance, ideal time, cost involved, etc.) using a structured questionnaire. Data was entered in an MS Excel™ spreadsheet and the findings are expressed in percentages. Re

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