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Detoxification reactions of sulphur mustard on the surface of zinc oxide nanosized rods

Authors
Journal
Journal of Hazardous Materials
0304-3894
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
149
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.04.010
Keywords
  • Sulphur Mustard
  • Chemical Warfare Agent
  • Zinc Oxide
  • Detoxification And Hydrothermal Method
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract Detoxification reactions of sulphur mustard, a deadliest chemical warfare agent were studied on the surface of zinc oxide nanorods at room temperature (32 ± 2 °C) and the data was compared with that of the bulk ZnO. Prior to the reaction, the nanorods of zinc oxide were synthesized by the hydrothermal method and subsequently characterized by XRD, SEM, TG, N 2 BET, FT-IR. The data revealed the formation of nanorods with diameter ranging from 100 nm to 500 nm with length in microns. Obtained nanomaterial along with bulk ZnO were tested as reactive sorbent for the detoxification of sulphur mustard. Reaction was monitored by GC-FID technique and the reaction products were characterized by GC–MS. Data explores the role of hydrolysis and elimination reactions in the detoxification of sulphur mustard and it also reveals that zinc oxide nanorods and bulk ZnO show the half lives of 8.48 h, 24.75 h in the first 12 h and 122.47 h, 177.29 h from 12 h to 48 h of the reaction.

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