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IGF-I increases bone marrow contribution to adult skeletal muscle and enhances the fusion of myelomonocytic precursors

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Cell Biology
0021-9525
Publisher
The Rockefeller University Press
Publication Date
Volume
171
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1083/jcb.200506123
Keywords
  • Research Articles
  • Article
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Engineering

Abstract

Muscle damage has been shown to enhance the contribution of bone marrow–derived cells (BMDCs) to regenerating skeletal muscle. One responsible cell type involved in this process is a hematopoietic stem cell derivative, the myelomonocytic precursor (MMC). However, the molecular components responsible for this injury-related response remain largely unknown. In this paper, we show that delivery of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) to adult skeletal muscle by three different methods—plasmid electroporation, injection of genetically engineered myoblasts, and recombinant protein injection—increases the integration of BMDCs up to fourfold. To investigate the underlying mechanism, we developed an in vitro fusion assay in which co-cultures of MMCs and myotubes were exposed to IGF-I. The number of fusion events was substantially augmented by IGF-I, independent of its effect on cell survival. These results provide novel evidence that a single factor, IGF-I, is sufficient to enhance the fusion of bone marrow derivatives with adult skeletal muscle.

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