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How general is the “General Factor of Personality”? Evidence from the Texas Adoption Project

Authors
Journal
Journal of Research in Personality
0092-6566
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
46
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2012.07.004
Keywords
  • General Factor Of Personality (Gfp)
  • Texas Adoption Project
  • Personality Inventories
  • Social Desirability
  • Social Effectiveness
  • Heritability
Disciplines
  • Education

Abstract

Abstract Using data from samples of 300 and 220 adoptive families from the Texas Adoption Project, aspects of generality of a “General Factor of Personality” (GFP) were examined: across different personality inventories, across different levels of analysis (items, scales) within an inventory, across self- and others’ judgments, and across sexes, ages, and generations. Considerable, though not complete, generality was found. The average correlation between GFPs from items and scales of a given inventory was .90; between GFPs from the scales of different inventories was .48. Also examined were the heritability of a GFP, its degree of correlation with a general cognitive factor, and its ability to predict real-life criteria such as educational level, marital stability, and substance abuse.

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