Abstract Diglycolic acid (DGA) oxidizing activity was found in crude extracts of Rhodococcus sp. no. 432 grown in DGA. Glycolic acid (GA) oxidase was purified approximately 80 times by treatment with streptomycin sulfate, precipitation with (NH 4) 2SO 4, chromatographies with DEAE-cellulose, DEAE-Toyopearl and Butyl-Toyopearl, and gel filtration on Toyopearl HW-55. The purified GA oxidase was almost homogeneous on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purity was calculated to be more than 95%. The molecular weight of the enzyme, which appeared to consist of three identical units, was 158,000. Each subunit of GA oxidase included one molecule of FAD as a cofactor. The isoelectric point of the enzyme was around 5.3. GA oxidase was stable below 30°C and at the pH range of 6.0–8.5. The optimum pH and temperature were around 7.5 and 40°C, respectively. Oxygen, cytochrome c, ferricyanide and 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol (DCIP) acted as an electron acceptor. The activity of GA oxidase was strongly inhibited by potassium cyanide, quinine, quinacrine, monoiodoacetate, 1,4-benzoquinone and some heavy metal ions. GA oxidase also had activity in DGA, GA, glyoxylic acid (GOA), methoxy acetate, ethoxy acetate and l-malate. Alcohols and other organic acids were not oxidized by the enzyme. The apparent K m values for DGA, GA and GOA were about 26.7, 0.5 and 4.4 mM, respectively. The reaction products from DGA were supposed to be GOA and GA by the enzymatic assays. The reaction mechanism of GA oxidase in oxidation of DGA was supposed to be as follows: HOOCH 2COCH 2COOH+H 2O+acceptor→HOOCCHO+HOOCCH 2OH+ reduced acceptor.