Abstract A few personal seem appropriate in summary. It is axiomatic that while research solves problems, it also creates them. As an example, it is an accepted fact that dentistry more than any other profession has made serious inroads into putting itself out ofbusiness through research. Each year this report takes not of the reduction in dental caries in children, which has thus triggered a change in the nature of general practice. Be this as it may, it is well to acknowledge that major dental diseases are not disappearing, but their patterns in the population are changing, accompanied by an expansion of other services. Despite the optimistic picture painted earier in this report, it is grossly premature to acclaim the elimination of caries, and thereby a significant segment of restorative denstistry. Of course the younger are grops have been the major beneficiaries of caries reduction. As the child ages from 9 to 16 years, the percentage of muths free of caries drops by one half. In addition,t he disease pattern in the adult population isbeing altered because of a longer life span and loss of fewer teeth. Unquestionaly what we will, and are already seeing, is not an elimination of restorative dentistry but a different target and changes in procedures because of new materials, therapy and expanded scope of services. There is yet another subtle change in the trend of dental research and it deals with the reduction in the number of dental schools worldwide and smaller class sizes in those schools. Dental research thereby suffers because of the traditional link between education and research. Thus the potential pool of researchers becomes smaller and research monies for training programs for dental investigators, particularly in clinical research, decreases. This year a surprising number of articles are concerned with manpower as it relates to research priorities. So, it is indeed a time that both the profession and the scientific community find filled with controversy and frustration. Yet never has there been a time that offers more in challenges and rewards.